The Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an arm of the United States federal government whose responsibility is to give guidelines and standards of safety in the workplace. As part of their mandate, the organization provides safety training guidelines to ensure that every employee is sufficiently informed of the hazardous risks that they are exposed to and they are trained on how to avoid risk and how to respond to a safety breach. Towards this end, the OSHA has provided a voluntary comprehensive guidelines to assist trainers to come up with a safety tutoring toolkit and a tutoring syllabus for employees. The OSHA tutoring guideline model consist of the following training steps.
- Determine if there is a need for training – The first step provided in the OSHA guideline if determination of whether safety tutoring will solve safety gap. By reviewing the risks and exposure of employees, the training coordinators should review whether safety can be established through training only or there are other safety activities such as better controls, improved equipment and procedure changes that need to go hand in hand with the training. The training coordinators also need to identify who needs the safety training toolkit and how often the training needs to be conducted. The training needs to be in compliance with the standards provided by the same organization.
- Identify the tutoring gap – Once tutoring need has been established, the training planners need to determine the training needs of the employees. This will determine the extent of the safety training toolkit. This is done by making a job safety analysis. The aim of the analysis is to define the hazards exposed to the employee, the risks of their workplace and the safety needs of the employees.
- Define training goals and objectives – Once the trainers have defined the safety training gap, they will then come up with goals and objectives of their safety training toolkit. The goals of the safety training help the trainers to keep focused and avoid unnecessary content. The goal should define what the employee should demonstrate or know after the training session. At the start of the training, the goals and objectives need to be clearly articulated so as to let the employees know the reasons for the training.
- Develop learning activities – The tutoring coarse should be modeled to simulate as closely as possible the employees workplace to enable the employees to appreciate and identify with the coarse work. The safety training toolkit needs to be interactive and this can be achieved by using multimedia platforms such as PowerPoint presentations, videos, image illustrations, charts, use of real statistics and events and practical demonstrations.
- Conduct training – Once you have fully prepared for the safety presentation, the tutor may proceed and conduct the presentation. The training needs to be as interactive as possible to allow employees to give in their input on their safety and to allow for all safety questions to be well addressed.
- Evaluate training effectiveness – Once the safety presentation is completed, the tutor need to evaluate the effectiveness of the presentation. This can be done through an optional end of presentation questionnaire, observation by the tutor, how the presentation has lead to workplace safety improvement or assessment trough a quiz.
- Review and improve the training – Based on the evaluation of the safety session, a review of the material used and coursework needs to be done with an intention of improving the safety presentation further to meet the safety needs of the employees. The tutoring improvements should include any significant questions asked by employees that was not covered by the training, any areas that were not well understood by the employees and removal of any information that was redundant or irrelevant.